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Page history last edited by RichiesPicks 11 months, 3 weeks ago

19 March 2020 LIZZIE DEMANDS A SEAT! ELIZABETH JENNINGS FIGHTS FOR STREETCAR RIGHTS by Beth Anderson and E.B. Lewis, ill., Boyds Mills/Calkins Creek, January 2020, 32p., ISBN: 978-1-62979-939-1


“A monument for civil rights icon Elizabeth Jennings Graham will be dedicated in Grand Central Terminal as part of a city initiative to honor the influential women of New York City, First Lady Chirlane McCray announced Wednesday.

The Grand Central monument will be one of four constructed in the city through the ‘She Built NYC’ initiative launched in 2018…

‘We cannot tell the story of New York City without recognizing the invaluable contributions of the women who helped build and shape it,’ McCray said in a statement. ‘Public monuments should tell the full history and inspire us to realize our potential -- not question our worth.’”

-- Midtown-Hell’s Kitchen Patch (3/6/19)


Who is this Elizabeth Jennings who is getting a monument built in her honor?


One Sunday in 1854, New Yorker Lizzie Jennings was on the verge of being late to play the organ at church. Andt they wouldn’t let her onto the horse-drawn streetcar. Lizzie was black.


“Usually Lizzie’s fine clothes and proper manners earned her a seat on a car reserved for whites. Usually it was up to the passengers to object.

But not today. This conductor expected her to ride on a car for ‘her people’ --a car with the sign ‘Colored People Allowed in This Car.’ 

Lizzie swallowed hard. ‘I don’t have any people.’

‘The car’s full.’ The conductor shooed her away.

‘Get off.’

She eyed empty seats. Despite being born a ‘free black’ in a ‘free state,’ she’d never been treated as equal. She’d been rejected, restricted, and refused by schools, restaurants, and theaters. Suddenly, late-for-church wasn’t as important as late-for-equity. Lizzie stood firm.”


After quite a ruckus, a policeman eventually threw Elizabeth Jennings off the horse-drawn streetcar. 


But they were messing with the wrong young woman. The New York City native was the daughter of prosperous black abolitionists, and they were up for a fight. When Lizzie sued the streetcar company for her right to ride, she was represented by Chester Arthur, who later became our 21st President. 


After presentation of evidence, the judge’s instructions to the jury included:


“The Third Avenue Railroad Company was responsible for the actions of the driver and the conductor.

People of color had the same right to ride as others.

Streetcars were required to carry all respectable, well-behaved people.”


The law clearly was on Lizzie’s side. And justice was served when the jury found in her favor. This led to the end of the “Colored People Allowed in This Car” signs on that streetcar line. 


It took a lot of time and a lot more black Americans standing up for their rights, but segregation on streetcar lines across the country was slowly eradicated. It didn’t happen overnight; the struggle continued on long after they replaced the streetcar horses with motors. It was still going on when Martin Luther King, Jr. made his name during the Montgomery Bus Boycott.


But it began with Lizzie Jenkins, an antebellum freedom rider who is just now being recognized with a monument in her city of New York.


LIZZIE DEMANDS A SEAT! is an outstanding picture book for older readers.


Richie Partington, MLIS

Richie's Picks http://richiespicks.pbworks.com





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